Learning Disabilities & Learning-Related Vision Problems

If your child exhibits any of the following behaviors, he or she may be suffering from a problem with convergence and/or adequate visual function and/or visual perception. These visual problems can contribute to learning disabilities or, in some cases, can be mistaken or misdiagnosed as learning disabilities.

Your child . . .

  • Seems bright, but struggles with reading.
  • Fatigues quickly when reading, with frequent signs of frustration.
  • Is unable to sit still; cannot stay on task for any length of time.
  • Reverses words, numbers or letters.
  • Has difficulty remembering spelling words.
  • Is disorganized and frustrated when studying visual information.
  • Frequently loses his place, skips words or whole lines of text.
  • Has poor reading comprehension.
  • Has difficulty copying from the board or a book, has sloppy handwriting.
  • Medication or tutoring has not been successful in improving school performance.
  • Has been labeled LD (learning disabilities), ADD, ADHD, or dyslexic.

If you checked off several items on the Checklist above, you should consider scheduling an appointment for a comprehensive examination.

Does Your Child Have a Vision Problem That Might Be Interfering With School Performance?

If your child is not working up to potential in school there is a strong possibility that a vision problem might be present. Nearly 50% of children with learning difficulties have vision disorders. In most cases these problems can be successfully treated leading to improved learning and better grades.

You can determine whether your child might have a learning related vision problem by completing the following questionnaire.

  1. My child has difficulty concentrating and paying attention.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  2. My child requires a lot of time to complete homework.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  3. My child complains of blurred vision, or double vision when reading.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  4. My child complains of eyestrain or headaches when reading.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  5. My child loses his/her place when reading or skips words or lines.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  6. My child has difficulty copying from the board.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  7. My child has difficulty with handwriting.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  8. My child reverses letters, numbers or confuses similar words.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  9. My child becomes tired or sleepy after short periods of time or his/her reading comprehension deteriorates with time.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often
  10. My child has struggled in school.
    1-Never 2-Sometimes 3-Often

For each question your child’s score will be 1, 2, or 3.
Add up the total score for the ten questions and compare it to the guidelines below.


What That Score Means

10-12 Your child probably does not have a vision problem interfering with school performance.
13-18 Your child may have a vision problem interfering with school performance.
19-30 Your child almost certainly has a vision problem interfering with school performance.

If a child has a score greater than 12 it is strongly suggested that an evaluation be done testing those aspects of vision that might be contributing to learning difficulties. If a problem is detected, a Vision Therapy program may be recommended to eliminate the vision disorders.