Has your child ever complained of feeling dizzy while reading? Dizziness can have many causes, and it’s a symptom that should be taken seriously. But if you’ve noticed that your child tends to complain of mild dizziness, queasiness, malaise, or nausea, specifically when reading or doing homework, it could be due to an undiagnosed functional vision problem that can be treated with vision therapy.
If your child says, “I don’t feel well,” too often at homework time, you may assume it’s an excuse to avoid work in favor of play time. However, most parents and teachers would not know to associate complaints of dizziness while reading with a vision disorder, particularly because learning-related vision deficiencies almost always go undetected in typical vision screenings or eye doctor exams.
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We often think of dizziness as something that stems from an inner-ear problem. Many people are aware that the inner-ear and brain work together to control balance. So you probably wouldn’t be surprised to find that your child has fluid or an infection in his ear or a problem in the vestibular system when complaining of dizziness.
In a healthy visual system, our brain and eyes also work together to maintain a stable and even visual plane, which we need in order to read efficiently. When we point our eyes at text, we need to be able to fix and maintain our gaze so that the page and the text remains steady and still. If you have a properly functioning visual system, you can do this without extra effort. But for someone with a functional vision problem, the text may be misaligned or blurry, or it may seem to move, jump, go in and out of focus, appear wavy, or slide down the page. Experiencing any of these effects can cause dizziness while reading.
Children with poor convergence or divergence skills have difficulty with eye teaming. Their eyes move somewhat independently of one another, which causes double or blurry vision, distorted depth perception, and sometimes dizziness.
Children with an eye tracking problem strain to accurately control eye movements. Instead of their eyes moving smoothly across a line of text while reading, their eyes skip or jump, which makes it challenging to read without feeling disoriented and sometimes dizzy.
Children with accommodative dysfunction, or trouble focusing, have difficulty sustaining focus on text or maintaining a clear image for a reasonable length of time. Reading is challenging because the texts grows fuzzy or blurred, and straining to keep the text in focus can contribute to dizziness.
The only way to know if your child’s dizziness while reading is caused by an underlying vision problem is by scheduling a comprehensive vision exam by a developmental optometrist who specializes in functional vision care.
The good news is, learning-related vision problems that cause dizziness when reading can be treated effectively with vision therapy. Students often experience remarkable improvement in a short period of time.
If you are looking for vision therapy in Silver Spring or vision therapy in Olney, Maryland, and you suspect your child’s complaints of dizziness could be related to a functional vision problem, make an appointment with developmental optometrist Dr. Philip Nicholson at The Visual Learning Center today.